Salmonella is composed of more than 2,400 serotypes, many of which cause enteric diseases in humans and animals. Several Salmonella serotypes are multidrug resistant, and there is evidence of the clonal spread of these strains from animals to humans. Salmonella enterica serotype Newport is one of the serotypes that increasingly present a multidrug-resistant phenotype.
A study published in the Journal of Food Protection examined the antibiotic susceptibility patterns of clinical and environmental Salmonella Newport isolates from various geographic locations and to compare the discriminatory ability of two DNA fingerprinting techniques.
Cluster analysis based on antibiotic susceptibility patterns generated 23 profiles. The susceptible and resistant isolates were not differentiated on the basis of either of the molecular typing techniques. Hence, no correlation was observed between the antibiotic resistance profiles and the DNA subtyping patterns. In conclusion, ribotyping is as discriminatory as PFGE and, when used in combination with antibiotic resistance profiles, provides a powerful tool for the source tracking of Salmonella Newport.