CAMPYLOBACTER: Causes fever, diarrhea and abdominal cramps. Frequently from undercooked chicken and juices from raw chicken.
SALMONELLA: Causes fever, diarrhea and abdominal cramps. Bacteria can spread to humans via a variety of different foods of animal origin.
E. COLI: Often causes severe and bloody diarrhea and painful abdominal cramps, without much fever. A bacteria that is often found in cattle and other similar animals, E. coli can infect both food and water.
SHIGELLA: Causes diarrhea, fever and stomach cramps starting a day or two after exposure. Can be caught from contaminated water, vegetables, infected food handlers or toddlers who are not fully toilet-trained.
GIARDIA: Causes diarrhea, gas, cramps, nausea and weight loss. This parasite that lives in the intestine of infected humans or animals is often spread by swallowing contaminated recreational water.
CYCLOSPORA: Causes watery diarrhea, loss of appetite, weight loss, bloating, increased gas, stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, muscle aches, low-grade fever and fatigue. The parasite is usually found on various types of fresh produce.
CRYPTOSPORIDIA: Causes diarrhea, dehydration, weight loss, cramps, fever, nausea and vomiting. It can be caught from uncooked or unwashed vegetables and fruit or swallowing contaminated recreational water.
PROTECTION FROM FOOD-BORNE ILLNESSES:
Cook meat, poultry and eggs thoroughly.
Separate foods to prevent cross contamination and wash hands, utensils and cutting boards in contact with raw foods.
Refrigerate leftovers promptly if they will not be eaten within four hours.